- Holding your investments at one financial firm can provide a complete view of your portfolio.
- Seeing all your investments may help you track tax opportunities, reduce fees and commissions, and plan more effectively.
Lots of investors spread their money out in accounts at multiple financial service companies. But bringing all your investments to one institution can make life simpler and more convenient.
Consolidating accounts can also make it easier to manage your asset mix, diversification, and taxes, while potentially lowering fees, and increasing access to investment, cash management, and other financial planning services.
"Managing your financial life takes time, but adding the complexity of planning across multiple providers can make it more time consuming," says Ann Dowd, CFP®, vice president at Fidelity. "Why make it hard on yourself to get a complete view of your cash flow, financial needs, and investments?"
Here are 4 things that may help simplify your financial life if you decide to consolidate your financial accounts into one place.
1. Complete view of investments
Consolidating multiple accounts can make it simpler to take control of your portfolio and have your investments work effectively for your goals. If you have investments in several locations, it can be difficult to stay on top of your overall portfolio. It’s also complicated to make your investments work together. You could be duplicating exposure to certain investment types.
When you consolidate, it’s much easier to take charge of your strategy and keep your intended asset allocation on track. Moreover, rebalancing can be a much simpler task with an integrated view. It can be easier to form a clear picture of your performance and investment mix when it’s all in one place.
For instance, moving money from a 401(k) held at a former job to your new employer's 401(k) plan or, after retirement, rolling it over to an IRA, are typical consolidation opportunities. A rollover IRA can offer more investment options, the simplicity of managing a single portfolio, and access to different services.
Of course, you always want to carefully consider any potential benefits of remaining in the 401(k) plan before deciding to roll it over. You will want to think about the investment choices, fees and expenses, and tax considerations, along with the plan’s withdrawal rules and any protection it might offer against creditors. For example, investors with company stock in their 401(k) or other workplace retirement plan might lose the option to elect net unrealized appreciation (NUA) if they roll these assets into an IRA.
Read Viewpoints on Fidelity.com: Make the most of company stock.
2. Track tax opportunities
Bringing retirement accounts and brokerage accounts together with one service provider may make it easier to implement a tax-efficient investing strategy. For taxable accounts, tax-loss harvesting may be easier when your investments are with one provider, where you can easily see your gains and losses. You can look at all your holdings at once rather than having to view each account separately.
Or you may find it easier to implement an asset location strategy. Your more tax-efficient investments can be in one taxable account, while less tax-efficient assets can be kept in tax-advantaged accounts like IRAs. If they are with one provider, it is much easier to keep track of them.
3. Reduce fees and commissions
If you're investing through multiple providers, you might be paying more fees than necessary. This is because some financial providers have thresholds for price breaks. Generally, the more assets you have with a single financial provider, the more opportunities you may have for reducing or eliminating account fees and lowering investing expenses.
This is not always the case: Some providers may offer lower cost products than others, so you need to check to see how any change would impact your particular situation.
4. More effective planning
Consolidating accounts may also improve your financial planning, such as retirement income planning. For example, retirees need to determine how much to withdraw from their retirement accounts each year to ensure that their retirement savings will last their lifetimes—a so-called sustainable withdrawal rate. They also need to make sure they are meeting their required minimum distributions (RMDs) from retirement accounts when the time comes at age 70½.
"Planning across multiple providers can make it harder to get a realistic view of your cash flow, needs, and progress," notes Dowd. "Being able to speak with one company about all your savings can make it easier."
Look before you leap
If you decide to consolidate, do it wisely. Consider whether consolidating will mean liquidating certain investments and possibly incurring tax consequences. For mutual fund investors, consider the investment options, particularly if your 401(k) or workplace plan offers institutional shares, which may be less expensive. Overall, you need to be sure that the benefits outweigh any potential costs.
Consolidating is a decision that needs some time and consideration, but the potential benefits may make it worth your while. You could find it easier to set and maintain your asset allocation, as well as diversify your portfolio more effectively. You might find opportunities to save money, through both improved tax efficiency and the lower fees often associated with having more money at one provider. Most of all, you'll have a chance to plan more effectively and to take control of your finances. That's a move that, in the end, could improve your overall financial picture.
Next steps to consider
See the options for your old accounts.
See if your savings are on track in the Planning & Guidance Center.
Discover the pros and cons of different options.
This information is intended to be educational and is not tailored to the investment needs of any specific investor.
Be sure to consider all your available options and the applicable fees and features of each before moving your retirement assets.
Diversification and asset allocation do not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss.
Fidelity does not provide legal or tax advice. The information herein is general in nature and should not be considered legal or tax advice. Consult an attorney or tax professional regarding your specific situation.
Fidelity Brokerage Services LLC, Member NYSE, SIPC, 900 Salem Street, Smithfield, RI 02917