Although the agricultural markets have been in bear territory for several years and the prices of corn, wheat, and soybeans all stand near multiyear lows, the risk/reward outlook for a number of agricultural-related stocks appears quite positive.
In recent years, favorable weather conditions have kept crop yields and inventories high, putting pressure on commodity prices. In addition, advancements in seed technology from companies such as Monsanto and DowDuPont have led to a roughly 1% annual improvement in crop yields.1 Lower crop prices, in turn, have kept a lid on the prices of seeds, crop-protection chemicals, and fertilizers, with corresponding weakness in the stock prices of the companies making these items. Sentiment on the group has been negative for quite a while, and most stock valuation measures we follow are near the lower end of their long-term ranges.
With that said, long-term demand for various kinds of protein is in a projected uptrend (see first chart below), while the supply of arable land continues to fall (see second chart). This long-term agricultural supply-demand profile bodes well for crop prices, and potentially for the profitability and stock prices of certain companies. Further, although weather has been cooperative for farmers lately, all it takes is one disruptive weather event in one major growing region to make a significant dent in that year’s yields and send crop prices soaring. Due to the unpredictability of weather conditions and the fact that these markets can turn very quickly, there’s often little time to build a position if an investor waits until conditions are favorable.
Another long-term positive factor, in my view, is that major industry players appear to be bullish. This is evident in the number of large mergers and acquisitions that have occurred lately. In the seed and crop-protection chemicals categories, we’ve seen a merger between Dow Chemical and DuPont—which closed at the end of August—as well as the announced acquisition of Monsanto by Germany-based Bayer that is expected to close in early 2018. Elsewhere, Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan is planning to join with Agrium, combining two Canada-based makers of fertilizer. This deal is expected to close in the next few months.
China has also been an active buyer of ag-related companies. Over the summer, state-owned ChemChina finalized its purchase of Syngenta, a Swiss maker of pesticides and seeds. The $44 billion deal was China’s biggest foreign takeover of all time. Around the same time, Dow Chemical announced that an agriculture fund backed by the Chinese government would pay $1.1 billion for its Brazilian corn seed and research business. Overall, Chinese firms have spent $91 billion over the past decade purchasing nearly 300 foreign companies involved in agriculture, chemicals, and food, according to deal-tracking firm Dealogic. The acquisitions are part of the nation’s plan to improve its ability to feed its population of nearly 1.4 billion.2
Given these developments, I remain optimistic that the investment prospects for higher-quality agricultural-related stocks over the next several years are quite compelling.
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