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Face (Par) Value
The security's face, par, or stated value.
Compares where a security's price closed relative to its price range over a given time period. As with moving averages, the sensitivity increases with shorter time spans. Two or more stochastics may be used with different time spans on a single security price chart to develop "cross-over" signals. This method is used to spot trend reversals with fairly good accuracy.
The stochastic indicator is plotted as two lines, the %D line and the %K line, with values ranging from 0 to 100. Readings above 80 are strong and indicate that price is closing near its high. Readings below 20 are also strong and indicate that price is closing near its low. Ordinarily, the %K line changes direction before the %D line. However, when the %D line changes direction prior to the %K line, a slow and steady reversal is usually indicated. When both %K and %D lines change direction, and the faster %K line subsequently changes direction to retest a crossing of the %D line but doesn't cross it, this is a good confirmation of the stability of the prior reversal. Many times, when the %K and %D lines begin to flatten out, this is an indication that the trend will reverse during the next trading range.
Fidelity Variable Annuity Investment Option Symbols
To allow you to get quotes, view investment options in watch lists, or view historical price charts for investment options, Fidelity created trading symbols for Fidelity variable annuity investment options. Fidelity Variable Annuity Investment Options are not recognized on exchanges or in trading markets (e.g., New York Stock Exchange or NASDAQ), on other web sites that provide quotes and other information for securities, or by other financial institutions.
The highest price at which a security has been purchased or sold in the last 52 weeks.
The lowest price at which a security has been purchased or sold in the last 52 weeks.
First Optional Call Date
The first date on which an issue may be redeemed at the issuer's option. For preferred securities, it is returned for optional calls exclusively into cash.
First Optional Call Price
The first price at which an issue may be redeemed at the issuer's option. For preferred securities, it is returned for optional calls exclusively into cash.
Fixed Income: AMT Exposure
This figure shows the percentage of a fund's securities that are subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax. Although income from municipal bonds is usually exempt from federal taxes, some investors must pay taxes on those bonds subject to AMT. Only certain municipal bonds are AMT-subject. In general, the bonds are issued to finance private economic activity.
Fixed Income: Average Duration
Average duration for all long fixed income positions in a portfolio. Morningstar asks fund companies to calculate and send average duration (also known as "option adjusted duration") for each of their fixed income or allocation funds. Morningstar asks for average duration because the measure gives better estimation of how the price of bonds with embedded options, which are common in many mutual funds, will change as a result of changes in interest rates. Average duration takes into account expected mortgage prepayment or the likelihood that embedded options will be exercised if a fund holds futures, other derivative securities, or other funds as assets, the aggregate average duration should include the weighted impact of those exposures. Standard practice for calculating this data point requires determination of a security's option-adjusted spread, including the use of option models or Monte Carlo simulation, as well as interest-rate scenario testing Morningstar requests that the fund only report data in this field that has been specifically labeled effective or option-adjusted duration, or that fund is certain has been calculated in the fashion described.
Fixed Income: Average Maturity
Average maturity is a weighted average of all the maturities of the bonds in a portfolio, computed by weighting each bond's average maturity by the market value of the security. Average maturity takes into consideration all mortgage prepayments, puts, and adjustable coupons. Longer-maturity funds are generally considered more interest-rate sensitive than their shorter counterparts. Morningstar lists Average Maturity for Taxable Fixed-Income and Hybrid funds and Average Nominal Maturity for Municipal Bond Funds.
Fixed Income: Credit Grade Exposure
Credit Grade Exposure is provided by a third-party using a proprietary algorithm which considers the ratings assigned to the ETP's underlying fixed income securities by three Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations ("NRSROs"): Moody's Investors Service ("Moody's"), Standard & Poor's Rating Services ("S&P"), or Fitch, Inc. The percentages shown in the table are based on the ETP's fixed-income holdings and may not total 100% if an ETP holds non-fixed income securities such as cash, derivatives, and/or equities. If a security is rated by two or more NRSROs, then the lowest rating is assigned to the holding. If only one NRSRO rates the security, that rating is assigned to the holding. If a security is not rated by an NRSRO, the holding is classified as "Not Rated". "AAA" consists of securities having a credit rating of AAA. "Investment-Grade" consists of securities with a credit rating of AA down to BBB (or for municipal Money Market securities, a rating of SP1 and corporate money market securities, a rating of P1). "High Yield" consists of all securities whose lowest rating is below BBB (or for municipal Money Market securities, a rating of SP2 or SP3, and corporate Money Market securities, a rating of P2 or P3) that are not in default. "Default" consists of securities rated D. The resulting credit quality analytics shown may differ from the ETP Manager's methodology to determine credit quality of the ETP's fixed income securities. A link has been provided to learn more about the ETP's Managers' investment approach and credit grade analytics.
Fixed Income: Credit Grade Objective
The ETP has the stated objective of investing primarily in underlying securities of a particular Credit Grade as specified in the prospectus. Credit Grade objectives include AAA, Investment Grade and High Yield.
Fixed Income: Average Duration
Average duration for all long fixed income positions in a portfolio. Morningstar asks fund companies to calculate and send average duration (also known as "option adjusted duration") for each of their fixed income or allocation funds. We ask for average duration because the measure gives better estimation of how the price of bonds with embedded options, which are common in many mutual funds, will change as a result of changes in interest rates. Average duration takes into account expected mortgage prepayment or the likelihood that embedded options will be exercised if a fund holds futures, other derivative securities, or other funds as assets, the aggregate average duration should include the weighted impact of those exposures. Standard practice for calculating this data point requires determination of a security's option-adjusted spread, including the use of option models or Monte Carlo simulation, as well as interest-rate scenario testing Morningstar requests that the fund only report data in this field that has been specifically labeled effective or option-adjusted duration, or that fund is certain has been calculated in the fashion described.
Fixed Income: Average Maturity
Average maturity is a weighted average of all the maturities of the bonds in a portfolio, computed by weighting each bond's average maturity by the market value of the security. Average maturity takes into consideration all mortgage prepayments, puts, and adjustable coupons. Longer-maturity funds are generally considered more interest-rate sensitive than their shorter counterparts. We list Average Maturity for Taxable Fixed-Income and Hybrid funds and Average Nominal Maturity for Municipal Bond Funds.
Fixed Income: Maturity Exposure
The ETP has the stated objective of investing primarily in underlying securities of a particular term to Maturity as specified in the prospectus. Examples include, but are not limited to Short, Intermediate and Long Term.
Fixed Income: Maturity Objective
The sponsor of the Exchange Traded Product (ETP) has stated in the prospectus that the underlying securities will be primarily from the maturity.
Fixed Income: Modified Duration
A modified version of the Macaulay duration that is a direct measure of how much a bond's price changes when its yield changes. It is calculated by dividing the Macaulay duration by yield plus one.
The average load-adjusted return over the last five years for a mutual fund. This return is updated monthly. If the fund has not been in existence for five years, the average return for the life of the fund is displayed.
5-Year Sales Growth
The five-year annualized growth rate of sales or revenues. This figure is derived by the least squares method, using six data points—a base year plus five subsequent annual data points.
Ford Equity Research is an independent investment research firm delivering unbiased, high-quality fundamental data, stock selection models, stock ratings, and analytical tools to investors. For nearly 40 years, Ford Equity Research has provided a full range of quantitative resources designed to assist investors in making more informed, more efficient investment decisions.
Ford Equity Research believes that trends in a company's earnings per share are the most important factors driving its stock price. For this reason, their proprietary analysis focuses on using operating earnings per share (collected and adjusted by a team of analysts) to measure growth rate changes and relative valuation. Using stock price momentum as an additional input into analysis helps to confirm individual stock ratings.
The latest closing price of the stock divided by the latest Earnings Per Share (EPS) estimate as provided by Zacks Investment Research. In the first three quarters of a company's fiscal year, the EPS estimate for the current fiscal year is used. Starting in the fourth quarter, the next fiscal year's estimate is used. The EPS estimate is the mean estimate of EPS growth, as derived from all polled estimates from Wall Street analysts.
Free Cash Flow
Free cash flow is a measure of the healthiness of a company's cash position. Because income statement accrual accounting can be quite different than actual cash flows, free cash flow measures the amount of cash available for ongoing business uses. Free cash flow is calculated as Operating Activities Net Cash Flow minus Capital Expenditures.
As an example, if free cash flow is less than cash dividend payments, the company must be borrowing in order to pay dividends. This is not a sustainable practice.
Trailing Twelve Months (TTM) Free Cash flow is measure of the cash generated over the last year in the most recent quarter. Free cash flow is a cumulative measure, so to calculate FCF (TTM) the following approach is used.
Fiscal (FY) year-end
FCF (TTM) = FCF (Fiscal Year)
Q1 FCF (TTM) Calculation
Q1 FCF (TTM) = Q1 FCF + Last FY FCF - Last Year Q1 FCF
Q2 FCF (TTM) Calculation
Q2 FCF (TTM) = Q2 FCF + Last FY FCF - Last Year Q2 FCF
Q3 FCF (TTM) Calculation
Q3 FCF (TTM) = Q3 FCF + Last FY FCF - last Year Q3 FCF
Use Frequency to chart data for a given time period (e.g., intraday, daily, weekly, monthly, or quarterly). Typically, choosing a weekly or monthly perspective when looking at several years of data makes it easier to identify long-term trends. A daily chart is useful for active traders and short-term time period charts. Five-minute and hourly Frequencies are used for intraday charts.
Frequently Used Criteria Search
A Frequently Used Criteria Search lets you select any combination of the ten most popular search criteria to help you find stocks that may support your investment goals.
Funds from Operations (Most Recent FY)
A financial measure used by real estate investment trusts (REITs) to define cash flow from their operating performance for the most recent fiscal year. FFO is calculated by adding depreciation and amortization expenses to earnings.
Funds from Operations (Most Recent QTR)
A financial measure used by real estate investment trusts (REITs) to define cash flow from their operating performance for the most recent quarter. FFO is calculated by adding depreciation and amortization expenses to earnings.
The amount by which the current market value of a security has increased (a gain) or decreased (a loss). The gain or loss is calculated by subtracting the total purchase cost (number of shares * price per share) from the current market value (number of shares * last sale price).
Geography Objective (not showing US)
The ETP has the stated objective of investing primarily in underlying securities of a particular type of geographic location as specified in the prospectus. Examples include, but are not limited to, Country Specific, Regional, Global, Emerging Markets and International (Excluding the US). It is updated as necessary and as stated in the prospectus or categorized by XTF.
Gross Expense Ratio for Exchange Traded Products (ETPs)
Morningstar provides the annual percentage of an ETP's assets paid out in expenses. Expenses can include management, transfer agent and all other fees associated with the ETP's daily operations and distribution.
Gross income divided by net sales, expressed as a percentage, for a specified time period. Gross margin indicates the amount of each dollar of revenue that can be counted as gross profit. Time periods measured include:
Gross Profit Margin
Gross profit divided by sales, expressed as a percentage.
An investment product, like a mutual fund or an Exchange Traded Product (ETP), that pursues capital appreciation by investing primarily in equity securities. Current income is a secondary concern, if a concern at all.
The highest price traded for the security during the current trading day.
High Yield Bond
High Yield Bonds are funds that primarily invest in U.S. high-income fixed-income securities where at least 65% or more of bond assets are not rated or are rated by a major agency such as Standard & Poor's or Moody's at the level of BB (considered speculative for taxable bonds) and below.
High Yield Funds
High yield funds may invest in lower quality debt securities, which generally offer higher yields, but also carry more risk.
The Hightower Report
The Hightower Report is an industry-leading market research firm with over 100 years of collective experience. Using fundamental and technical analysis, Hightower delivers comprehensive daily reports on multiple markets such as Interest Rates, Foreign Exchange, Energy, Metals and Agriculture.
Historic Volatility (HV)
An annualized one standard deviation of stock prices that measures how much past stock prices deviated from there average over a period of time.
Interpretation: Historical Volatility does not measure direction; it measures how much the securities price is deviating from its average. When a securities Historical Volatility is rising or higher than normal it means prices are moving up and down farther/more quickly than usual and is an indication that something is expected to or has changed regarding the underlying (i.e. uncertainty) and you may want to research/monitor the security more closely. When securities Historical Volatility is falling things are returning to back to normal (i.e. uncertainty has been removed).
A sharp increase in HV is usually associated with an unexpected event such as an earnings release that beat/missed estimates or an unexpected news release. These sharp increases usually occur after the fact and are normally preceded by a declining/stable Historical Volatility.
Hull Moving Average
The Hull Moving Average (HMA), developed by Alan Hull, is an extremely fast and smooth moving average. In fact, the HMA almost eliminates lag altogether and manages to improve smoothing at the same time.
Interpretation and Calculation:
There are many uses. Basically, any method that requires a moving average would allow the user to experiment with using the HMA versus a simple or exponential moving average. The Weighted Moving Average (WMA) and the Exponential Moving Average both try to address lag in the Simple Moving Average by placing emphasis in the calculation in the more recent minutes. Here is the equation based on period n:
HMA(n) = WMA(2*WMA(n/2) - WMA(n)),sqrt(n))
I/B/E/S Consensus Recommendation From Refinitiv
I/B/E/S Consensus Recommendation is provided by Refinitiv, an independent third-party provider, using information gathered from contributors. For each security where there is a consensus recommendation, the number of contributors is provided with the recommendation. The Refinitiv standardized scale is as follows:
1 - Strong Buy
2 - Buy
3 - Hold
4 - Underperform
5 - Sell
Each contributor determines how their individual recommendation scale maps to the I/B/E/S from Refinitiv 5-point scale. While contributors may have a 3-point scale, dual-tiered scale or elaborate multi-tier scales with both company and industry/sector ratings, all points in their scale must map back to the standardized I/B/E/S from Refinitiv scale of 1-5. To insure a meaningful mean calculation, contributors must map bullish ratings to a 1 or 2, neutral ratings to a 3 and bearish ratings to a 4 or 5. In cases of broker scales being greater than 5 points, multiple points in a broker's scale may map back to a single point in the I/B/E/S from Refinitiv scale. Contributors are made aware that the 1-5 value will be calculated to create a straight arithmetic mean based upon the standard values above and displayed across Refinitiv products.
The mean ratings are calculated as follows:
If a contributor changes their scale, stops must be applied to the database to prevent false revisions, followed directly by new recommendations applied on the same day. When scale changes occur, Refinitiv Market Specialists work closely with the contributor to outline the implications, and make decisions on how the change should be represented, based on the guidelines Refinitiv uses in mapping contributor scales to the normalized scale. Recommendation scale change requests received from contributors will be processed on a go-forward basis
If a contributor drops coverage of a company, a stop is applied to the recommendation field. Additionally, if a contributor is "restricted" on the stock or has suspended their recommendation, a stop would be applied to the recommendation field. When a restriction is lifted, stops will remain in effect until new initiations are received from the broker.
The Ichimoku Cloud is a type of chart used in technical analysis to display support and resistance, momentum, and trend in one view. Tenkan Sen and Kijun Sen are similar to moving averages and analyzed in relationship to one another. When the shorter term indicator (Tenkan Sen) rises above the longer term indicator (Kijun Sen), the securities trend is typically positive. When Tenkan Sen falls below Kijun Sen, the securities trend is typically negative.
Tenkan Sen and Kijun Sen – as a group- are then analyzed in relationship to the 'Cloud', which is composed of the area between Senkou A and Senkou B. When Tenkan Sen and Kijun Sen are decidedly above the 'Cloud', the issue''s trend is positive. When Tenkan Sen and Kijun Sen are decidedly below the 'Cloud', the issue's trend is negative.
There are five plots that make up the Ichimoku Cloud indicator. These are their names and calculations:
Tenkan Sen aka "Conversion Line": (High+Low)/2 … default period = 9
Kijun Sen aka "Base Line": (High+Low)/2 … default period = 26
Chiku Span aka "Lagging Span": Price Close shifted back 26 bars
Senkou A aka "Leading Span A": (Tenkan Sen+Kijun Sen)/2 (SenkouA is shifted forward 26 bars)
Senkou B aka "Leading Span B": (High+Low)/2 … using period = 52 (Senkou B is shifted forward 26 bars)
Inbound Trend Duration
The length, in days, of the trend leading into a classic or short-term pattern. The height of an inbound trend indicates the possible price move away from the breakout price of the event. The breakout price depends on the pattern's definition.
The slope of an inbound trend indicates the strength of an event. A very strongly sloped inbound trend (large height, short duration) is a stronger indicator of a reversal than a shallow inbound trend (small height, long duration).
The date on which a fund commenced operations. It is updated daily by XTF.
For tax purposes, an investment product, like a mutual fund or an Exchange Traded Product (ETP), generally passes along dividends and interest it receives from securities it owns. Additionally, a mutual fund and an ETP pass along your share of the profits it makes when it sells securities for a higher price than it paid for them. Distributions are subject to federal tax, and may also be subject to state or local taxes. Your distributions are taxable when they are paid, whether you take them in cash or reinvest them.
Independent Expert Strategies
Independent expert stock search strategies have been developed for Fidelity.com by third-party professionals such as Zacks Research, SmartMoney.com, and Standard & Poor's Market Research. You can use expert search strategies to find stocks that match the predefined criteria, or you can use them as jumping off points for creating your own search strategy. See Independent Expert Search Strategies for complete details.
Independent firms are firms who derive no financial benefit from the nature of their recommendations.
For the purposes of performance evaluation, Investars defines independent research as research produced by a firm that has no conflicts of interest in the following areas:
Research firms are also designated as independent if they have been selected to provide independent research to investors under the terms of the Global Research Analyst Settlement. In all cases, research firms must contact Investars and request that they be identified as independent, and they must agree to forward data to Investars directly. To determine whether a firm qualifies as independents, Investars reviews the firm on a quarterly basis, or when the firm begins to forward data to Investars.
Investars provides this service for the convenience of its clients only. Investors should conduct their own due-diligence to determine whether the research provided to them presents any conflicts of interest. Investors should also understand that identifying a firm as independent does not suggest that that firm provides good research. The quality of the research provided and how each firm resolves potential conflicts of interest is best evidenced in the firm's track record.
One of the following major stock market indexes:
On a chart, you can compare a symbol's relative price performance with an index's performance.
A portfolio of securities that are selected based on the objective and rules as stated by the index methodology. Each index has its own proprietary calculation methodology and composition as defined by the index provider. This methodology is used to select and weight the constituent securities and then rebalance them according to predefined metrics. It is updated as necessary and as stated in the prospectus or categorized by XTF.
Index Composition (Traditional) – Traditionally weighted methodologies weight securities without attempting to generate excess returns. Examples include: Cap-weighed, Equal weighted, Price-weighted and Shares Out-weighted.
Index Composition (Fundamental) – Fundamentally weighted methodologies weight securities based on fundamental metrics while attempting to generate excess returns. Examples include: Dividend-Yield weighted, Dividend-weighted, Revenue weighted and Various Fundamentals.
Index Composition (Alternative) – Alternatively weighted methodologies weight securities based on non-traditional and non-fundamental metrics while usually attempting to generate excess returns. Examples include: Option Strategy, Production-Weighted, Volume-Weighted and Custom-Weighted.
A passively managed fund designed to replicate the performance of an unmanaged stock or bond index.
An average of all stock data values in the same industry. Industry Average is used to compare a stock's Valuation, Growth, and Profitability ratios to that of other stocks in the same industry.
On the Insider Activity chart, the Insider Gain/Loss statistic is based on the return generated during the period shown by a portfolio consisting of long positions in the stock corresponding to each purchase, and short positions for each sale.
Insider Timing Grade
On the Insider Activity chart, the Insider Timing Grade is calculated by testing the statistical significance of the timing of the insiders' trades. A grade of A means that if the same trades were made with random timing, there would be no more than a 5% chance of exceeding the insiders' return.
The amount paid by a borrower as compensation for the use of borrowed money. This amount is generally expressed as an annual percentage of the principal amount.
Net earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) of one period divided by interest expenses on bonds and other contractual long-term debt for the same period.
The lower the ratio, the more the company is burdened by debt expense. When a company's Interest Coverage ratio is 1.5 or lower, its ability to meet interest expenses may be questionable. An Interest Coverage ratio below 1 indicates the company is not generating sufficient revenues to satisfy interest expenses.
The annual rate, expressed as a percentage of principal, payable for use of borrowed money.
Merchandise bought for resale, and materials and supplies purchased to generate more revenues through sale.
Cost of goods sold for a specified time period divided by average inventory. Average inventory is the average of the inventory at the beginning and end of the year. Inventory turnover measures how quickly a company's inventory of goods is sold. Time periods measured include:
A type of Exchange Traded Product (ETP) that seeks to profit from a negative move in its stated benchmark index. Inverse ETPs generally seek results over a pre-set time period indicated in the prospectus or offering circular. That time period is often one day. As a result, their returns can differ significantly, both positively and negatively, from that of their benchmark, especially over investment periods lasting longer than one day. These ETPs use a variety of derivatives such as futures, options and SWAPs. These ETPs may give an investor single or multiple (leveraged [LMS1] ) inverse exposure, such as double or triple inverse exposure. These ETPs are also known as "Short" or "Bear" ETPs.
Investars was founded in 1999 to provide investors with the tools to measure the value of research. Investars is owned and operated by Netologic Inc. a privately held company. Fidelity displays firm's stock recommendations (buy to sell) collected and standardized by Investars. Investars is an independent firm not affiliated with Fidelity Investments.
The Investars Smartindex measures the accuracy of a particular research provider in a particular sector. The process is similar to that of an index, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average, where the index components are treated as though they are long positions. The Smartindex uses only the BUY recommendations of a research firm and then breaks these recommendations into the ten GICs sectors and assesses the performance of the research firm in each sector.
Specifically, Investars compounds the daily returns of the stocks in an equal-weighted portfolio composed of the "positive" rated stocks in each sector. "Positively rated" means that a research provider might have a recommendation like "outperform, buy, strong buy or anything that denotes that an investor should have the stock in their portfolio. The Smartindex sector portfolios are rebalanced every time its composition changes due to the new ratings issued by the research provider.
There are many ways to analyze research performance. The Smartindex is a simple, intuitive measure to assess the performance of research firm in a particular sector and compare them to other research firms' performance in that sector. The transparency of estimation of this measure is intended to provide guidance in the investment process.
Groupings of investment products based on investment category. Generally, investment categories often include these basic categories:
Investment Grade (Investment Grade Bond)
The broad credit designation given to corporate and municipal bonds which have a high probability of being paid, and few, if any, speculative features. Bonds rated Baa and higher by Moody's Investors Service, or BBB and higher by Standard & Poor's, are considered by those agencies to be "investment grade."
The official name and portfolio number for each investment option held in a Fidelity variable annuity.
A classification of a fund's overall strategy that guides its investment principles. Examples include the use of a passive or enhanced index or a benchmark for use in an actively managed fund. It is updated by XTF as necessary and as stated in the prospectus.
ISS - EVA
ISS - EVA provides software tools and stock research using EVA® (economic value added), its proven, proprietary and trademarked framework for converting standard accounting profit into estimates of true economic profit. ISS - EVA utilizes the EVA methodology to evaluate companies and provides ISS - EVA Ratings and "PRVit" scores.
ISS - EVA Ratings
ISS - EVA Ratings are assigned according to a firm's “PRVit” Score,” which is a quantitatively-derived grade of its investment timeliness that falls on a 0-100 percentile scale. Firms with higher PRVit scores are more attractively priced in relation to their recent profitability trends — net of risk — and thus they are expected to outperform stocks in the same line of business with lower ratings. Firms with PRVit scores of 80 to 100 are deemed “buys,” 60-80 “overweight,” 40-60 “hold,” 20-40 “underweight,” and 0-20 “sells.” Note that a occasionally company's rating shifts back and forth between categories, which occurs when its PRVit score vacillates from over to under the rating borderline. In such instances, investors should consult the firm's actual PRVit score rather than following the rating changes per se.
ISS - EVA “PRVit” Score
“PRVit” (pronounced “prove-it”) stands for the “performance-risk-value investment technology.” It is a quantitatively-derived grade of a firm's investment timeliness. Firms with higher PRVit scores are more attractively priced in relation to their recent profitability trends — net of risk — and thus they are expected to outperform stocks in the same line of business with lower ratings. The model forces all stocks in a given business sector to be evenly spaced apart on 0 to 100 percentile scale, so that there are always as many buys as sells in any one sector and indeed across the entire market universe. As a result, there is no implicit (or indeed arbitrary) bias to buy, or to sell, in the ratings as a whole as is often the case with Street research, and nor is there a slant for or against investment in any one business line. PRVit simply indicates which stocks are more or less attractive to own in a given sector.
PRVit scores are based on developing a percentile index for a company's performance(P), risk(R), and its valuation multiples(V), and then computing a new index — its P score less its R score divided by its V score, or (P-R)/V, — in effect measuring a risk-adjusted return on value index — and then ranking all firms according to that ratio in each of the 60 sectors. Firms that are awarded higher PRVit scores are thus considered attractive to own because they are offering stronger profitability, net of risk, per unit of market value, and thus they are expected to outperform lower rated firms in their sectors. PRVit scores are the basis for assigning ISS - EVA Ratings, where firms scoring between 80 to 100 in their sector are deemed “buys,” 60-80 “overweight,” 40-60 “hold,” 20-40 “underweight,” and 0-20 “sells.” PRVit scores and ratings are re-computed daily for the entire Russell 3000 universe and approximately 200 large ADR's.
For this purpose, performance is rated in terms of a firm's recent track record in earning and increasing real “economic profit,” or EVA, standing for “economic value added.” Unlike reported accounting earning, EVA deducts a full charge for all capital — for a firm's equity as well as its debt — so that EVA does not even start to count profit until a firm is giving its shareholders a decent return on their investment. Firms that appear profitable when judged by growth in book earnings may not be when judged according to the higher standards EVA sets. EVA also eliminates other accounting and reporting distortions. A firm with excess cash is assumed to have paid it out, leased assets are treated as owned, bookkeeping write-downs and impairment charges are reversed, restructuring charges are added to capital as investments, and research and advertising spending are written off over time, to cite a few. The result: EVA is a more reliable and comparable measure of a firm's true profitability, and it generally explains stock prices far better than conventional accounting earnings or earnings-per-share. In the model, risk is essentially the degree of confidence that past EVA trends can be sustained. It is judged in terms of the volatility of stock price and return on capital, “free” cash generation after investment spending, and the extent of financial leverage on the balance sheet. A firm's valuation score is a composite of its trading multiples to sales, earnings, cash flow, book value, and its economic profit — all judged in comparison with all other Russell 3000 stocks.
Identifies the characteristics and other descriptive information about the security, for example the types of call provisions which apply to the security.
Identifies the security's classification or type, and will provide any other descriptive information about the security.
Identifies the type of firm or entity issuing the security.
Jefferson Research methodology relies on forensic financial analysis, based on academic research, forensic accounting and financial analysis approaches. Forensic accounting is a detailed examination of a company's financial health through studying the three financial statements (Balance Sheet, Income Statement and Statement of Cash Flows) released by the company.
Jefferson's Financial Sonar reports synthesize information on about fifty variables to identify buys and sells for a portfolio. Jefferson's approach analyzes companies through the dual lens fundamental performance and financial reporting forensics. Financial Sonar Reports contain sections on; Earnings Quality, Cash Flow Quality, Operating Efficiency, Balance Sheet Quality, and Valuation and cover about 2,300 companies in the U.S. Market.
Keltner Bands are a type of price channel first described by Chester W. Keltner in his book How to MakeMoney in Commodities. They are fixed bands that are plotted above and below a simple moving average of average price. The Keltner indicators in the Advanced Chart take two parameters. Period1 specifies the period to smooth highs -lows, and Period2 specifies the period to use to smooth Average Price in the calculation (see below).
An investment product, like a mutual fund or an Exchange Traded Product (ETP), that invests in a variety of large US stocks—primarily large-cap stocks, or those in the top 70% of the capitalization of the US equity market. The large blend style is generally assigned to investment products where neither growth nor value characteristics predominate.
An investment product, like a mutual fund or an Exchange Traded Product (ETP), that invests primarily in large, growth-oriented US stocks—primarily large-cap stocks, or those in the top 70% of the capitalization of the US equity market. The large growth style is generally based on fast growth (i.e., high growth rates for earnings, sales, book value, and cash flow) and high valuations (i.e., high price ratios and low dividend yields).
An investment product, like a mutual fund or an Exchange Traded Product (ETP), that invests primarily in large, value-oriented US stocks—primarily large cap stocks, or those in the top 70% of the capitalization of the US equity market. The large value style is generally based on low valuations (i.e., low price ratios and high dividend yields) and slow growth (i.e., low growth rates for earnings, sales, book value, and cash flow).
For stock and option quotes, the unit price of the most recent order of the shares of the security on the primary exchange. For mutual funds and money market funds, the net asset value (NAV) of the fund as of the last time the fund was priced and prior to the date displayed. For Fidelity variable annuity investment options, Last is the value on the date noted. On a Watch List, Date and Time for a quote will appear when the cursor is held over a security's Last Trade or Current Price value. All dates and times are reported in ET.
Last Change to Recommendation
Last Change to Firm's Recommendation provides the date of the last action, if the action was a downgrade, upgrade or drop; and the firm's recommendation on that action date. An (r) after Last Change to Firm's Recommendation Action indicates that a reiteration of the firm's recommendation occurred within last twelve months. The Date is the day that this Action was originally issued for the Recommendation being displayed. To see the History of a firm's Recommendations versus Stock Performance, click on the Date.
For stocks and options, the share price of the most recent order for shares of the security on the primary exchange (delayed by at least 15 minutes). For mutual funds and money markets, the Net Asset Value (NAV) as of the end of the previous trading day. For indexes, the index value at the time noted in the Date & Time field. On a Watch List, Date and Time for a quote will appear when the cursor is held over a security's Last Trade or Current Price value. All dates and times are reported in ET.
Last Trade Exchange
The exchange or market on which the security was last traded (for example, New York Stock Exchange, NASDAQ). Also indicates the primary exchange for an option contract.
The legal structure of an Exchange Traded Product (ETP) as legally defined and stated in the prospectus. There are five primary legal structures: open-end investment companies (most typical), unit investment trusts, limited partnerships, senior, unsecured, unsubordinated debt and grantor trusts. Legal structure is updated by XTF as necessary and as stated in the prospectus.
Closed end funds can use leverage by issuing preferred stock or debt securities to raise additional capital which can then be used to buy more securities for its portfolio. Leverage achieved through the issuance of preferred stock or debt is referred to as "'40 Act leverage" after the Investment Company Act of 1940 ('40 Act), which among other things regulates the amount of leverage funds can bear. CEFs invest the additional capital raised through leverage in securities whose return is expected to exceed the borrowing cost associated with the preferred stock or debt security. A CEF can also create leverage through certain investments held in its portfolio, such as reverse purchase agreements, tender options, bonds, derivatives or other instruments, referred to as "non-'40 Act leverage" because this type of leverage is not subject to the regulations of the '40 Act. The use of leverage can magnify price volatility and loss of principal in the CEF's portfolio. Fluctuations in interest rates will also have an impact on a leveraged fund's distributions as the cost of borrowing associated with the leverage will fluctuate in response.
A type of Exchange Traded Product (ETP) that seeks to amplify the potential returns and/or potential losses of a benchmark index. Leveraged ETPs seek results over a pre-set time period indicated in the prospectus or offering circular. That time period is often one day. As a result, their returns can differ significantly, both positively and negatively, from that of their benchmark index, especially over investment periods lasting longer than one day. These ETPs use a variety of derivatives such as futures, options and SWAPs. They aim to keep a constant amount of leverage during the investment time frame, (often one day)such as a 2:1 or 3:1 ratio. Leveraged ETPs can either amplify returns and losses on the long side of the market or the inverse side of the market.
A multiplier that identifies the leverage exposure. A leveraged fund provides the investor with exposure greater than 100% as compared to the underlying index. It can also be negative to provide inverse exposure. It is updated as by XTF as necessary and as stated in the prospectus.
Leveraged/Inverse: Rebalance Frequency
How often the fund or index rebalances its constituents. Leveraged ETPs typically rebalance daily. The data is updated as necessary to what is stated in the prospectus.
Liabilities - Total
Current liabilities plus long-term debt plus other non-current liabilities (including deferred taxes and investment tax credit). Data is represented each quarter in millions of dollars.
An order price type placed on the execution of an order. Limit restricts the price you pay to buy or sell a security to be a limit price you specify or better. The limit price is specified in a separate Limit field. Buy limit orders state the maximum price at which to buy, while sell limit orders state the minimum price at which to sell.
The Linear Regression Line indicator in the Advanced Chart gathers the prices for the number of specified periods and finds a straight line which best fits all the prices using a linear regression model. This model uses every point on the chart to determine a trend line that gives a good estimation of the entire chart with a single line.
Interpretation: Since the Linear Regression indicator displays the statistically-predicted price value, you can look for cases where price veers sharply from the predicted line through that period.
A ratio calculated by adding the daily percentage changes of a stock's closing price for each trading day of the month, then dividing the total dollar volume for the month by the total percentage change. Liquidity Ratio measures how much dollar volume is required to move a stock's price up or down by one percentage point.
A high Liquidity Ratio indicates a stock that requires relatively heavy trading to move its price. A low Liquidity Ratio indicates a stock that moves on relatively light volume.
Long-Term Capital Gains
On the screener and research pages, this refers to gains on a security held longer than 12 months. If the security has not been sold, the gains are generally considered to be "unrealized". If the security is sold, the gains are generally considered to be "realized". ETPs may issue long-term capital gain distributions derived from the long-term capital gains of the fund. For individuals who realize gains from the sale of their securities, the gains since purchase may not be the same as what is reportable for tax purposes because of adjustments to tax basis and the potential applicability of tax rules specific to an investor's particular tax situation. At the federal level, realized long-term capital gains in taxable accounts usually qualify for the long-term capital gains tax rate.
Debt obligations due more than one year from the company's balance sheet date. Data is represented each quarter in millions of dollars.
Long-Term Debt Equity
Debt obligations due more than one year out from the issuance of the company's balance sheet divided by Shareholder's Equity calculated for a specified time period. A company's long-term debt could be in the form of bank debt, mortgage bonds, debenture bonds, or other obligations. Time periods measured include:
The lowest price traded for the security during the current trading day.