Which IRA is right for you?
If you are interested in a Roth or traditional IRA, we can help you determine what option might be best for you.
Step 1: Understand which IRA to open and fund
The IRS has certain requirements (such as age, income, and marital status) that impact how much you can contribute as well as how much you may be able to deduct.
|Roth IRA||Traditional IRA|
|Key tax benefits||Contributions are made with after-tax money and any potential earnings grow tax-free. Additionally, you're able to withdraw your contributions tax-free and penalty-free at any time, for any reason. Earnings can be withdrawn without taxes or penalties as long as they are eligible. (See information on withdrawals below.)||Contributions are generally made with after-tax money, but may be tax-deductible if you meet income eligibility.1 Any potential earnings grow tax-deferred, and are not taxed until you withdraw them after age 59½.|
|Income requirements||There are specific IRS income limits for contributions to a Roth IRA. For example, in 2020, the upper limits are:
||Anyone 18 or over with earned income can contribute to a traditional IRA. However, there are specific income limits for how much might be tax-deductible.|
|To better understand your eligibility, use our IRA Contribution Calculator.|
|Withdrawals||Earnings from a Roth IRA can be withdrawn federally tax-free and penalty-free provided that it's been 5 years since your first contribution.||You will pay taxes on your earnings and contributions when you make withdrawals.|
|In addition to the above conditions, one of the following criteria must be met in order to make penalty-free withdrawals from either IRA: age 59½, qualified higher education expenses, qualified first home purchases (up to $10,000), certain major medical expenses, certain long-term unemployment expenses, death, disability.|
|Early-withdrawal penalties||If you make withdrawals before you are 59½, you might have to pay taxes on your earnings, plus an additional 10% tax.||If you make withdrawals before you are 59½, you might have to pay taxes on your earnings, plus an additional 10% tax.|
|Required minimum distributions (RMDs)||Roth IRAs do not require you to withdraw a minimum amount of money at a certain age.||Traditional IRAs generally require you to withdraw a minimum amount of money starting at 72.2|