Investment risks of these funds
The municipal market is volatile and can be significantly affected by adverse tax, legislative, or political changes and the financial condition of the issuers of municipal securities.
Furthermore, unfavorable political or economic conditions within California can affect the credit quality of issuers located in that state.
In general, the bond market is volatile, and fixed income securities carry interest rate risk. As interest rates rise, bond prices usually fall, and vice versa. This effect is usually more pronounced for longer-term securities. Fixed income securities also carry inflation risk and credit and default risks for both issuers and counterparties.
Unlike individual bonds, most bond funds do not have a maturity date, so avoiding losses caused by price volatility by holding them until maturity is not possible. Furthermore, changes in government regulation, interest rates and economic downturns can have a significant effect on issuers in the financial services sector, including the price of their securities or their ability to meet their payment obligations.
Prepayment of principal prior to a security's maturity can cause greater price volatility if interest rates change. Also, foreign markets can be more volatile than U.S. markets due to increased risks of adverse issuer, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments.
These funds can invest in securities that may have a leveraging effect (such as derivatives and forward-settling securities) which may increase market exposure, magnify investment risks, and cause losses to be realized more quickly.