With the broad bond market down 2% so far this year, it's easy to see the appeal of a fund that can invest in the corners of the market that are working. That's where so-called unconstrained bond funds and their cousins, multisector bond funds, can help.
As the name implies, unconstrained funds (classified as "nontraditional" funds by Morningstar (MORN)) can invest in a variety of fixed-income assets, from investment-grade corporate debt to junk bonds issued by firms with below-average credit ratings to emerging-market IOUs. They can hold outsize slugs of the fund's assets in the bond sectors they prefer, or they can sell short (a bet that prices will fall) the securities they see headed south. Some of the funds can even hold stocks. Multisector bond funds are nearly as flexible, but some have limits--albeit broad--on how much may be invested in a given sector.
But the increased freedom comes with some extra risk, especially when big wagers go wrong. In one striking example, Janus Henderson Global Unconstrained Bond (JUCIX), the fund run by erstwhile "bond king" Bill Gross, lost 3% in a single day in May, caught off-balance by a bet that German bonds would fall in price relative to Italian bonds (the market moved the other way). There are other caveats. Many of the funds in the two categories don't have long track records, and expense ratios can be pricey.
We think the funds below represent the best combination of flexibility and moderate risk. They come with reasonable expenses and have shown they can withstand periods of market volatility. All are geared to prosper as rates rise, and most important, they are run by managers capable of taking full advantage of their freer rein. Returns and other data are through June 15.
DoubleLine Flexible Income (DLINX)
This four-year-old unconstrained fund doesn't have much of a track record, but its managers sure do. Jeffrey Gundlach is a legend, and his co-manager, Jeffrey Sherman, is quickly making a name for himself. Together, they have nearly five decades of asset-management experience between them.
The fund is well fortified against rising rates. It has a low duration — a measure of interest-rate sensitivity — of 1.3 years. A duration of 1.3 implies that if interest rates rise one percentage point, the fund's net asset value would drop by 1.3%. The typical nontraditional bond fund has a 1.7-year duration, and it's 5.9 years for the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond index, a proxy for the market overall.
Not only that, but Flexible Income's managers have recently focused on bonds that do well in rising-rate environments. The fund has a 43% allocation to floating-rate debt. These loans pay variable interest rates pegged to short-term interest rate benchmarks that typically reset every 30 to 90 days, rising along with market rates.
Another favorite of late has been mortgage-backed securities. Non-agency mortgage debt — bundles of mortgages that aren't guaranteed by the U.S. government — make up more than 20% of the portfolio.
But these instruments aren't without risk. Both floating-rate debt and non-agency mortgage-backed securities are typically rated below investment grade, which means they carry greater risk that the issuers will default on their loan payments.
Since it launched in 2014, Flexible Income has returned 3.1% per year, on average — more than a percentage point better than the Aggregate index, with 32% less volatility.
Loomis Sayles Bond (LSBRX)
The managers of this multisector bond fund — Matthew Eagan, Dan Fuss, Brian Kennedy and Elaine Stokes — love a good bargain and look for promising bonds that have been unfairly punished. The value focus can make for a bumpy ride. In 2015, for instance, the team loaded up on high-yield corporate debt, particularly in the floundering energy sector as oil prices plummeted. That year, the fund posted a 7% loss — an eyebrow-raising decline for a bond fund — as energy bonds continued to flail. But investors who held on were rewarded when Loomis Sayles returned a cumulative 16.2% over the next two years, compared with 6.2% for the Agg index.
The managers maintain hefty positions — currently 44% of the fund's assets — in the risky territories of high-yield corporate bonds (which come with higher default rates than investment-grade corporates) and non-dollar-denominated bonds (which are sensitive to currency movements). But Loomis Sayles (LSBRX) has recently put a foot in the conservative camp, too, with a 30% stake in cash and short-term Treasuries. This pile of liquid assets lowers the fund's overall sensitivity to interest rates — its duration is currently 3.2 years — and can be put to work quickly when a compelling opportunity arises, says Stokes.
The fund has rewarded patient investors. Over the past 15 years, its 6.3% annualized return bests the Agg index, as well as 84% of multisector funds. Including the first half of 2018, the fund has beaten similar funds in nine of the past 10 calendar years.
Metropolitan West Unconstrained Bond (MWCRX)
The team that manages this fund likes to work under some constraints, despite the fund's name. They keep the fund's duration between two and five years, and they stick almost exclusively with bonds, here and abroad, that are denominated in U.S. dollars. The managers say they have no crystal ball when it comes to assessing how interest rates and currencies will move. So they'd rather hunt for undervalued debt within their preferred sectors, says Stephen Kane, a co-manager along with Laird Landmann, Tad Rivelle and Bryan Whalen.
Kane says many bond sectors look expensive these days, including emerging-markets debt and low-quality corporate issues. The managers prefer securitized debt: bonds backed by bundles of assets, such as residential or commercial mortgages and student, home-equity or auto loans. Such bonds account for 69% of the portfolio.
The lower-grade loans in these bundles are offset by higher-quality IOUs; some, such as student loans backed by the Department of Education, carry Uncle Sam's guarantee. The overall result, says Kane, is a triple-B-style yield with a triple-A caliber default rate.
Scouting bargains has paid off for the fund in the past. In late 2011, high-yield and emerging-markets bonds were on sale, says Kane, as sovereign debt crises in Europe and headlines about a possible U.S. government default sowed volatility in the broad bond market and roiled riskier assets. The managers put 30% of the portfolio in emerging-markets bonds and high-yield corporate debt. The following year, the fund returned 15.8%, trouncing the Agg index and 98% of unconstrained funds. Since its 2011 inception, the fund's 5.5% annualized return has beaten the index by an average of 3.4 percentage points per year.
Pimco Income (PONAX)
Managers Daniel Ivascyn and Alfred Murata tackle the vast fixed-income world by dividing the portfolio into two parts. In one portion, they hold high-yielding bonds that will excel in a growing economy. In the other, they hold high-quality debt that the pair expect to perform well when growth slows. They calibrate the two sides of the portfolio depending on Pimco's current assessment of the economy and the bond market. When the firm sees risks on the horizon, the managers shift more of the fund's assets into the high-quality group.
The managers have become more cautious recently. Bonds look richly priced, they say, and although global economies still look healthy, the U.S. economic recovery is getting long in the tooth. So they've added to the fund's position in high-quality assets, such as U.S. government bonds, which currently make up about half of the fund. Income still has a big chunk of its assets devoted to emerging-markets and high-yield corporate debt. The managers' biggest high-yield bet is in non-agency mortgages, which they say should continue to do well in a strong U.S. housing market.
Over time, the duo's balanced approach has paid off. Income has bested the Agg index in nine of the past 10 calendar years, including so far in 2018. The fund's A shares come with a 3.75% sales charge, but investors can purchase them without paying a load or a transaction fee at online brokers, including Fidelity and Schwab.
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