Industry Averages are Misleading When it Comes to Active Fund Performance, According to Fidelity Research1

On Average, Lower-cost Active Stock Funds from the Largest Fund Families Outperformed Their U.S. Large-cap Peers Again in 2015

  • Investing in Mutual Funds
  • Mutual Funds
  • Investing in Mutual Funds
  • Mutual Funds
  • Investing in Mutual Funds
  • Mutual Funds

BOSTON — By using two simple, objective filters—mutual funds with lower fees from the five largest fund families by assets—the average actively managed U.S. large-cap equity fund outperformed its benchmark in 2015, after fees, by 0.70% (or 70 basis points), according to new research by Fidelity Investments.1 This same subset of funds also outperformed their benchmarks by 0.18% per year from 1992 through 2015, while the average subset of passive index fund slightly trailed its benchmark by 0.04% (Exhibit 1). The new report, Some Active Funds Rise Above a Tough Year, updates Fidelity’s previously released paper with 2015 performance data.

"Industry-wide averages can be misleading, and may be doing investors a disservice by giving them the perception that all active funds cannot outperform passive funds, which is simply not true," says Timothy Cohen, chief investment officer at Fidelity Investments. "We believe the results of applying certain straightforward and objective filters can be a helpful starting point for investors seeking to identify above-average actively managed equity funds that beat their benchmarks."

While 0.18% per year of outperformance may not seem like a lot, this may translate to more money to spend, or a longer and more secure retirement. As a hypothetical illustration, suppose a retirement investor saves $5,000 per year in two different accounts, one with 0.18% of annual excess return and one with –0.04% of annual excess return (assuming returns are net of fees and a constant "benchmark" return of 7%). At the end of 40 years, the balance for the account with 0.18% of excess return would be more than $64,000 higher than the other account, essentially earning an additional 6.0% of cumulative return.2

"We believe that market outperformance—through the compounding of returns—can help shareholders increase their ability to achieve their most important financial goals," said Cohen. "Excess returns can be an important driver of wealth creation, and actively managed funds offer you the opportunity to outperform the market."

Better average performance is consistent with filters

Although past performance is no guarantee of future results, these filters have been remarkably consistent in identifying sets of funds with above-average relative performance over time. For rolling three-year returns, the average actively man¬aged fund selected by both filters beat the industry average a full 98% of the time from 1992 through 2015. Exhibit 2 shows how consistent this outperformance was, and by how much. In addition, a statistical test indicates one can be 99% certain that the historical long-term outperformance of the filtered average fund relative to the industry is significant.3

Fidelity's research also reveals that in the other largest equity fund categories (international large cap and U.S. small cap) active managers had a better record of outperforming their benchmarks, even without applying the two simple filters. Actively managed international large-cap funds outperformed their benchmarks by 0.85% per year and U.S. small-cap funds outperformed their benchmarks by 0.99% per year.

Not all active managers are created equal. The active-passive debate focuses on the industry as a whole and the performance of the average active manager. At Fidelity, we have a number of funds that have beaten their benchmark by at least 1% annually over their manager's tenure of at least 5 years. In fact, 81% of Fidelity equity funds managed by the same portfolio manager for at least 5 years have beaten their benchmark over the manager’s tenure.

Source: Fidelity Investments, as of 12/31/2015.

Please see the addendum below for important performance information.

This new report is a continuation of Fidelity's extensive research on active management. For the full research report and its detailed methodology, click here: Some Active Funds Rise Above a Tough Year (PDF) (2016). To read other recently published papers, click on the links below:

Investors can also find additional information about active management in micro-site within

About Fidelity Investments

Fidelity's goal is to make financial expertise broadly accessible and effective in helping people live the lives they want. With assets under administration of $5.0 trillion, including managed assets of $2.0 trillion as of February 29, 2016, we focus on meeting the unique needs of a diverse set of customers: helping more than 25 million people invest their own life savings, nearly 20,000 businesses manage employee benefit programs, as well as providing nearly 10,000 advisory firms with investment and technology solutions to invest their own clients’ money. Privately held for nearly 70 years, Fidelity employs 45,000 associates who are focused on the long-term success of our customers. For more information about Fidelity Investments, visit

Our Company

Personal Investing

We provide financial planning and retirement options such as IRAs, annuities, and managed accounts; brokerage and cash management products; college savings accounts; and other financial services for millions of individual investors.

Workplace Investing

We work with employers to build benefit programs for their employees, and provide recordkeeping, investments, and servicing in defined contribution, defined benefit, health & welfare, and stock plan services.

Fidelity Institutional

We bring sophisticated technology and highly personalized service together to offer clearing, custody, investment products, brokerage, and trading services to a wide range of financial firms.

Fidelity Institutional Asset Management

Fidelity Institutional Asset Management is a distribution organization dedicated to the institutional marketplace. It serves consultants and institutional investors, such as defined benefit and defined contribution plans, endowments, and financial advisors.

Fidelity Charitable

Fidelity Charitable is an independent public charity that allows donors to establish a dedicated donor-advised fund to support their favorite charities in the short term and create a systematic plan for longer term philanthropic goals.

Fidelity Labs

Fidelity Labs explores emerging technology and harnesses innovation to benefit Fidelity's businesses and customers.

Discovery Ventures Program

The Discovery Ventures Program is a program focused on startups looking to grow their businesses in the financial services industry. The program is designed to help participating companies better understand how to engage with large enterprises so that they can accelerate their sales into large enterprises and significantly increase their growth.

Careers at Fidelity

Fidelity Careers Sales, relationship management, product, marketing, technology, operations, and corporate functions

Asset Management Careers Investment management and support