BOSTON — Fidelity Clearing & Custody Solutions®, the division of Fidelity Investments that provides clearing and custody to registered investment advisors (RIAs), broker-dealer firms, family offices, retirement recordkeepers and banks, today released the Insights on Sources of Capital and Independence report, examining how private equity is impacting the M&A landscape. Fidelity found that established firms with demonstrated track records of consistent growth have been receiving the bulk of capital funding, resulting in the formation of unique "ecosystems," as platform firms and strategic acquirers increasingly use this capital to fund and acquire smaller firms. In Q1 2018, strategic aggregators were responsible for more than two-thirds of M&A transactions – up from 47 percent in Q1 2017.
"As external capital providers are increasingly drawn to larger firms, assets are further concentrating at the top," said Scott Slater, vice president of practice management & consulting, Fidelity Clearing & Custody Solutions. "Those large firms are then investing in smaller ones, often using a model that keeps the owners involved as the business grows and develops. That's a significant shift in attitudes, and is opening up new opportunities for small firms who are open to embracing this more collaborative perspective."
The Insights on Sources of Capital and Independence report examined the landscape through extensive interviews with leading acquirers, including members of Fidelity's M&A Leaders Forum.1
The report identified two predominant ecosystem models through which private equity capital is making its way down from providers:
- In the Direct Investment Model, direct investments are made in a platform firm that uses the funds for organic and inorganic initiatives. For example, private equity firm Lightyear Capital acquired equity positions in large advisory firms, including Wealth Enhancement Group, Advisor Group and HPM Partners. The large advisory firms then made smaller firm acquisitions, helping to build significant scale.
- In the Intermediary Model, a strategic acquirer uses private equity funds to support a network of affiliated firms through M&A. For example, an investor group led by private equity firms KKR and Stone Point Capital took a majority stake in Focus Financial, a strategic acquirer. Focus Financial then helped one of its partner firms, Buckingham Strategic Wealth, close more than 30 M&A deals.
Through its conversations with industry leaders2, Fidelity identified four best practices for finding and working with private equity partners:
- Understand which strategy and partners best align with the firm’s interests. Advisory firms should begin by assessing their own objectives to determine the best funding option for their business. Factors to consider include growth expectations, priorities and the level of control desired. Alignment around philosophy, vision and beliefs is also important.
- Tap outside expertise to expand options. Outside experts, such as investment bankers and transition consultants, bring knowledge and support to the selection process to help firms make better-informed decisions. These experts can provide a wide range of expertise, from helping determine a realistic valuation and model financial scenarios, to evaluating the firm’s strategy and identifying best fit options. They can also help a firm articulate a compelling story, as well as hold a competitive auction with suitable partners and negotiate on a firm’s behalf.
- Plan for a successful transition and ongoing growth. Post-acquisition, firms need to achieve ongoing business success to be positioned well for additional funding. Things like dedicated onboarding teams and a focus on identifying and implementing best practices may help firms be successful.
- Leverage experience of capital partners to encourage continued growth. Ongoing collaboration with capital partners may help firms improve business metrics, refine managerial processes and develop strategies around critical initiatives like organic growth and succession planning.
For more information, please visit the Fidelity Wealth Management M&A Series: Insights Sources of Capital and Independence Report. This is the fourth report in the Fidelity Wealth Management M&A Series, which offers insights and best practices regarding trends shaping the industry. Fidelity also issues monthly Wealth Management M&A Transaction Reports summarizing M&A activity among RIAs and independent broker-dealers.
About Fidelity Investments
Fidelity’s mission is to inspire better futures and deliver better outcomes for the customers and businesses we serve. With assets under administration of $6.9 trillion, including managed assets of $2.5 trillion as of April 30, 2018, we focus on meeting the unique needs of a diverse set of customers: helping more than 27 million people invest their own life savings, 23,000 businesses manage employee benefit programs, as well as providing more than 12,500 financial advisory firms with investment and technology solutions to invest their own clients’ money. Privately held for 70 years, Fidelity employs more than 40,000 associates who are focused on the long-term success of our customers. For more information about Fidelity Investments, visit https://www.fidelity.com/about.